The production and research of 3D light-weighted knitted/woven structured fabrics conducted by some companies in Taiwan were led by NIKE Co. five years ago. Initially high-cost warp knitting was used in 3D fabric production and currently the low-cost flat knitting method and the circular knitting method having the advantages of the high yield and low capital investment have been developed to be applied to the production. Currently, the 3D fabric technology in Taiwan is still in the lead worldwide.
- (A) development of short Z-axis (<0.8mm) smart 3-D spacer fabrics.
The sub-item (A) plans to purchase sandwich mesh fabrics or 3-D spacer fabrics and then coat a specifically designed polymer composition to manufacture 1.shape thermoplastic 3D mesh fabrics, which can be easily re-shaped repeatedly via hot air or hot water. 2.shape memory 3D spacer fabrics. Specifically, the target products include (a)shape thermoplastic 3D mesh scaffolds (thermoplastic cast or spine correcting clothing); and (b) shape memory brassieres. The core technology of this project can also develop (c) a wrinkle free coating material to produce wrinkle free cotton shirts/cloths by adjusting or modifying the shape memory coating composition.
- (B) development of long Z-axis (3-20 cm) smart 3-D spacer fabrics.
The sub-item (B) will take longer time to develop and need longer verification time. The target product of (B) is preset to one having a high market demand only, that is, (d) a high-pitched heavy-duty airbag jack.